IFRS Foundation

Business Model & Innovation

  • Product Design & Lifecycle Management
  • Business Model Resilience
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Materials Sourcing & Efficiency
  • Physical Impacts of Climate Change
General Issue Category
(Industry agnostic)

Disclosure Topics (Industry specific) for:
Casinos & Gaming

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Energy Management

Energy Management

With many facilities open 24 hours a day, the Casinos & Gaming industry requires a large amount of energy to operate. Casino facilities often have few windows and therefore rely on their buildings’ mechanical systems for heating, ventilation, air-conditioning (HVAC), and lighting. Fossil fuel-based energy production and consumption contribute to significant environmental impacts, including climate change and pollution, and have the potential to impact casino companies’ results of operations. It is becoming increasingly important for companies that rely on electricity consumption for their operations to manage energy efficiency as well as energy availability, including the risks and opportunities associated with energy sourcing from fossil fuels and/or from renewable and alternative energy sources.

Customer Welfare

Responsible Gaming

While the main purpose of gambling is entertainment, the industry faces a negative perception that is often related to pathological gambling. In addition to pathological gambling which is a progressive addiction characterized by increasing preoccupation with gambling, customers may also experience problem gambling, a less severe form of pathological gambling. While casinos do not cause problem gambling, they provide opportunities to gamble and may earn disproportionately greater revenue from pathological and problem gamblers. Responsible gambling encompasses industry best practices to mitigate the impacts of problem gambling that may result from violations of self-exclusion lists, irresponsible advertising, gambling by minors, or instances where the company has otherwise enabled gambling problems. Highly-publicized incidents related to pathological and problem gambling may damage companies’ reputations and result in regulatory curtailment of their licenses to operate.

Employee Health & Safety

Smoke-free Casinos

Casino facilities are usually climate-controlled environments with internal air circulation, and have a relatively high concentration of employees and customers. While anti-smoking campaigns have helped some regions enact smoking bans for public places, many casinos remain exempt from such bans. Smoke exposes employees and customers to risks of heart attacks and cancer. In addition, studies have shown that casino dealers exposed to secondhand smoke have higher-than-average rates of respiratory illness. Companies that derive a significant portion of their revenue from smoking customers may be negatively affected by smoking bans, which are becoming more common. Alternatively, by creating smoke-free facilities, casino operators may be better positioned to attract more non-smoking patrons.

Business Ethics

Internal Controls on Money Laundering

By the nature of its business, the Casinos & Gaming industry can be attractive to criminals seeking to launder money or disguise the origin of funds. Risk factors include the large amount of cash transactions, accessibility to multiple facilities, and customer anonymity. Therefore, strict and robust internal controls are necessary for companies to prevent violations of reporting and money laundering regulations. Casino operators that fail to detect and prevent money laundering activities may open themselves to investigations. Violations of anti-money laundering laws and regulations could result in criminal prosecution and/or substantial regulatory penalties.

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