The SASB Foundation is responsible for the financing, oversight, administration and appointment of the SASB. The Directors appoint the members of the SASB (via the Governance & Nominating Committee) and oversee the standards-setting process (via the Standards Oversight Committee). In addition to the current Board members, SASB’s tradition of a deep and active Board go back to SASB’s founding in 2011—see list of former SASB Board members.
ROBERT K. STEEL
Partner & CEO, Perella Weinberg Partners
The SASB Foundation, Chair of the Board
Robert K. Steel is a Partner and serves as Chief Executive Officer of Perella Weinberg Partners. From June 2010 until December 2013, Mr. Steel served as Deputy Mayor for Economic Development for The City of New York in the administration of Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg, where he was responsible for the administration’s economic development strategy, job-creation efforts and major redevelopment projects, as well as its efforts to expand job training, strengthen small business assistance, promote new industries, diversify the economy, and advance the New Housing Marketplace Plan. Prior to his 2010 appointment as Deputy Mayor, Mr. Steel was the President and CEO of Wachovia. From 2006 to 2008, he was the Under Secretary for Domestic Finance at the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Prior to entering government service, he spent nearly 30 years at Goldman Sachs, ultimately rising to become co-head of the U.S. Equities Division and Vice Chairman of the firm.
Mr. Steel is a graduate of Duke University and The University of Chicago’s Booth School of Business, and has distinguished himself as Chairman of Duke’s Board of Trustees, Chairman of The Aspen lnstitute’s Board of Trustees, a Senior Fellow at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, a member of the FDIC Advisory Committee on Economic Inclusion, Chairman of The After-School Corporation, and Co-Founder of SeaChange Capital Partners, an organization dedicated to helping nonprofits grow. Mr. Steel serves on the Board of Trustees for the Hospital for Special Surgery, The Morgan Library & Museum and The Rockefeller University, and is a member of the Board of Directors of Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
Former Chairman, SEC
The SASB Foundation, Vice Chair of the Board
Ms. Schapiro’s service as the 29th Chairman of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) culminated decades of regulatory leadership. She was the first woman to serve as SEC Chairman, and the only person to have served as Chairman of both the SEC and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC). During her four years as Chairman, Ms. Schapiro presided over one of the busiest rule-making agendas in the SEC’s history, during which the agency also executed a comprehensive restructuring program to improve protections for investors and aggressive enforcement of the federal securities laws.
Before becoming SEC Chairman, Ms. Schapiro served as CEO of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (FINRA), the largest nongovernmental regulator of securities firms. Earlier, she was Chairman of the CFTC (1994-1996); a Commissioner of the SEC (1988-1994); and General Counsel of the Futures Industry Association. Currently, she serves as Vice Chairman of the Advisory Board of Promontory Financial Group.
Ms. Schapiro is a member of the Boards of Directors of General Electric Company, the London Stock Exchange Group and Mitre Corp. In addition, she serves as a member of the Governing Board of the Center for Audit Quality, a Trustee of Franklin and Marshall College and a member of the Board of the Washington Animal Rescue League. She is Vice Chairman of the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board and a member of the CFA Institute Future of Finance Advisory Committee. She also previously served on the Boards of Kraft Foods and Duke Energy.
Ms. Schapiro holds a B.A. from Franklin & Marshall College and a J.D. from George Washington University.
Senior Counsel, Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton
Mr. Beller’s practice focuses on a wide variety of complex corporate governance, securities and corporate matters. Mr. Beller advises regularly senior executives and board members of both U.S. and non-U.S. entities on these subjects, including in connection with SEC filings, corporate transactions and other corporate matters and public and private offerings of securities. He has represented companies, independent directors and audit committees in connection with financial reporting and other disclosure matters, governance issues, accounting restatements, compensation issues, director and auditor independence issues, and other matters.
Mr. Beller served as the Director of the Division of Corporation Finance of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and as Senior Counselor to the Commission from January 2002 until February 2006. During his four-year tenure, Mr. Beller led the Division in producing the most far-reaching corporate governance, financial disclosure and securities offering reforms in Commission history. Mr. Beller joined the firm in 1976, became partner in 1984. He returned to Cleary Gottlieb in August 2006 and became senior counsel in 2015. From 1977 to 1981, he was resident in the Paris office and from 1990 to 1993, he was resident in the Tokyo office. Mr. Beller is a member of the Board of Directors, and the Audit and Risk Committees, of The Travelers Companies Inc., and is a Trustee of the International Financial Reporting Standards Foundation. Mr. Beller received a J.D. degree, magna cum laude, from the University of Pennsylvania Law School and graduated from Yale College, cum laude, in 1971.
Chief Accounting Officer, Bank of America
Rudi Bless is the chief accounting officer at Bank of America and leads the Global Financial Control organization. GFC is responsible for a variety of functions, including managing and executing legal entity reporting; interpreting and applying accounting policy and standards; overseeing financial controls and operational risk assessments; managing and maintaining financial data and systems; managing general ledger and sub-ledger accounting; and tax activities.
Bless joined Bank of America in November 2014. Previously he was with Credit Suisse AG (CS), where he held various roles over 12 years, most recently as deputy chief financial officer and chief accounting officer. While at CS he led a number of major initiatives, including managing the implementation of Basel 3 for capital and liquidity and a finance transformation with a focus on data, systems and off-shoring. In addition, he has broad experience in financial and regulatory accounting both from a policy and reporting standpoint. Prior to joining CS, Bless spent 20 years with PricewaterhouseCoopers in New York, Frankfurt and Zurich. He was a partner for eight years and focused on clients in the financial services area. Bless holds a bachelor’s degree in Accounting from the University of Delaware.
CEO, Institute for Sustainable Investing – Morgan Stanley
Audrey Choi is CEO of Morgan Stanley’s Institute for Sustainable Investing. She is also Managing Director and Head of Morgan Stanley’s Global Sustainable Finance Group. In these roles, she oversees the firm’s efforts to support resilient communities and promote economic opportunity and global sustainability through the capital markets. In a career spanning the public, private, and nonprofit sectors, Audrey has become a thought leader on how finance can be harnessed to address public policy challenges. Prior to joining Morgan Stanley, Audrey held senior policy positions in the Clinton Administration, the Commerce Department, and the Federal Communications Commission. While at the White House, she served as Chief of Staff of the Council of Economic Advisers and Domestic Policy Advisor to the Vice President. Previously, Audrey was a foreign correspondent and bureau chief at The Wall Street Journal. She is currently a member of President Obama’s US Community Development Advisory Board and on the boards of several national nonprofits focused on education, conservation, and impact investing. Audrey is a graduate of Harvard College and Harvard Business School.
Jack Ehnes is the Chief Executive Officer of the California State Teachers’ Retirement System (CalSTRS), the largest teacher pension fund in the world. Mr. Ehnes came to CalSTRS in 2002 from Great-West Life & Annuity Insurance Company, where he was vice president for corporate affairs. Prior to Great-West, Mr. Ehnes served as the Colorado Insurance Commissioner, deputy insurance commissioner and board trustee for the Colorado Public Employees Retirement Association, which included six years as chair and vice-chair of the board.
Mr. Ehnes is Chairman of the FTSE Environmental Markets Committee and currently serves on the boards of the National Council on Teacher Retirement, Ceres, and the Public Employees Board of the International Foundation of Employee Benefit Plans; and also is a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Council on Long-Term Investing. As a recognized leader and public servant, Mr. Ehnes has served on high profile national task forces throughout his career including the National Association of Insurance Commissioners and on various healthcare and insurance commissions and advisory boards. He also was a board member of the National Institute on Retirement Security and chair of the Council of Institutional Investors. Mr. Ehnes received the 2011 Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI) Lillywhite Award, recognizing outstanding lifetime service and contributions to Americans’ economic security. He was also recognized by the National Association of Corporate Directors’ list of the 100 most influential corporate governance professionals for 2011.
Mr. Ehnes is a native of Rochester, New York, and holds a Bachelor’s degree from Cornell University and a Master’s degree from Vanderbilt University.
Mr. Goldman is the current President of Hillspire, a Family Office, responsible for financial and administrative functions, along with real estate, aviation and maritime activities.
Mr. Goldman is the former chief financial officer of Yahoo!. Mr. Goldman joined Yahoo! in 2012 and throughout his five year tenure was responsible for Yahoo!’s global finance functions including financial planning and analysis, controllership, tax, treasury and investor relations. Prior to joining Yahoo! Mr. Goldman served as senior vice president, finance and administration, and chief financial officer at Fortinet, Inc, a provider of unified threat management solutions, from 2007 to 2012.
Mr. Goldman was a member of the Board of Trustees of Cornell University from 2005 to 2013 and was subsequently designated as Emeritus Trustee; and is currently on the Harvard Business School California Research Center Advisory Board. Mr. Goldman was appointed in January 2015 to a three-year term to the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board’s (PCAOB’s) Standing Advisory Group (SAG), an organization that provides advice on the need to formulate new accounting standards or change existing standards. He was a member of the Treasury Advisory Committee on the Auditing Profession over the years 2007-2008, a public committee that made recommendations to encourage a more sustainable auditing profession. From December 1999 to December 2003, Mr. Goldman served on the Financial Accounting Standards Advisory Council (FASAC). Mr. Goldman holds a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from Cornell University and an M.B.A. from the Harvard Business School.
Partner, Deloitte & Touche LLP – Retired
SASB, Treasurer of the Board
Steven Gunders is a retired partner of the Management Consulting Practice of Deloitte. He joined Touche Ross & Co in New York in 1969 and proceeded to work in both the Accounting and Management Consulting functions of the firm. He became a partner in 1977 and managed several geographic consulting practices as well as the Strategy & Operations Practice for Deloitte across both the US and Europe. He has focused his career in the Financial, M&A & Strategy areas working on major global corporate clients, private equity investment firms and large private companies. His career has provided him with a broad based understanding of a number of industries including Manufacturing, Aviation & Leisure, Chemicals, as well as a number of Service Businesses. He has worked all over the world and has lived and worked out of London, UK for seven years. This experience has provided him with a broad based understanding of business enterprises in the US, Europe and Asia.
After his retirement, Steven has served on several corporate boards as well as a number of non-profit organizations in New York, San Francisco and London.
Steven received his MBA from the University of Chicago, Booth Graduate School of Business and his BA from the City College of New York.
ROBERT. H. HERZ
Former Chairman, FASB
Robert H. Herz is a member of the boards of directors and various board committees of Morgan Stanley, Fannie Mae, and Workiva Inc. He chairs the audit committees of Fannie Mae and Morgan Stanley. He also serves on the advisory boards of several other companies and regulatory bodies and was formerly a trustee and vice chair of the Kessler Foundation. He is also an executive in residence at the Columbia Business School. Previously, Mr. Herz was Chairman of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) from 2002-2010, a member of the International Accounting Standards Board, and was for many years a partner at PwC, including serving on its global board.
Head of Macquarie Investment Management, Americas
President, Delaware Funds® by Macquarie
Shawn K. Lytle is head of Macquarie Investment Management, Americas and president of the Delaware Funds by Macquarie. He oversees several multi-boutique investment teams that span all major asset classes and provide investment solutions for individual and institutional investors. Lytle joined Macquarie Investment Management (MIM), which includes the former Delaware Investments, in June 2015. He became CEO and president of the Delaware Funds in August 2015 and director/trustee in September 2015. Before joining the firm, he held several management roles at UBS Global Asset Management where he worked for 13 years. He was regional head of the Americas for UBS for five years, based in Chicago and New York. Before that, Lytle worked in London in various roles within the firm’s equity group, including deputy global head of equities. Before joining UBS in 2002 as a global equities portfolio manager, he worked for JPMorgan Asset Management for 10 years in a variety of roles in London and New York, including global equities client portfolio manager and US mutual fund sales. He received a bachelor’s degree in marketing from The McDonough School of Business at Georgetown University. Lytle serves as chair on the board of directors of the National Association of Securities Professionals (NASP), he is a member of the board of directors of the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB), and he is a member of the board of governors for the Investment Company Institute (ICI).
Former Washington State Treasurer
James McIntire has 40 years of experience in government policy and finance. He was elected as Washington’s 22nd State Treasurer in 2008 in the midst of the financial crisis, and re-elected in 2012. As the state’s Chief Financial Officer, he was responsible for managing $400 billion of transactions per year, financing a $21 billion debt portfolio (AA+/Aa1), investment of $18 billion of assets, public deposits of $6 billion, and served three terms as Chair of the $112 billion Washington State Investment Board. He is the immediate past President of the National Association of State Treasurers.
Mr. McIntire began his career working in the U.S. Senate for Hubert Humphrey, and served as a policy advisor to congressional committee chairmen and Washington governors. He is the former Director of the Fiscal Policy Center at the University of Washington, and served on the faculty of the University’s School of Public Policy and Governance for 25 years. He represented north Seattle in the Washington State House of Representatives for 10 of those years, where he provided leadership on several fiscal committees. During his time in the Legislature, he maintained an extensive national consulting practice with Navigant Consulting, Inc., estimating product, mass tort, class action and other legal liabilities for corporations, investors and creditors.
Mr. McIntire holds a BA in Urban and Regional Affairs from Macalester College, a MA in Public Policy from the University of Michigan, and a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Washington.
President, The F.B. Heron Foundation
Clara Miller is President of The F. B. Heron Foundation, which helps people and communities help themselves out of poverty. Prior to assuming the Foundation’s presidency, Miller was President and CEO of Nonprofit Finance Fund (NFF) which she founded and ran from 1984 through 2010. NFF is a national CDFI that provides financing and financial counsel to social sector organizations, with a track record of $2 billion in direct and advised financing.
Miller was named to The NonProfit Times “Power and Influence Top 50” for the five years from 2006 through 2010. She was awarded a Bellagio Residency in 2010 by The Rockefeller Foundation.
In addition to serving on The F. B. Heron Foundation’s board, Miller is on the boards of Family Independence Initiative, the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board, StoneCastle Financial Corp., and The Robert Sterling Clark Foundation. She is a member of the Social Investment Committee of the Kresge Foundation. In 2010 Miller became a member of the first Nonprofit Advisory Committee of the Financial Accounting Standards Board.
In 1996, Miller was appointed by President Clinton to the U.S. Treasury’s first Community Development Advisory Board for the then-newly-created Community Development Financial Institutions Fund. She later served as its Chair. She chaired the Opportunity Finance Network board for six years and was a member of the Community Advisory Committee of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York for eight years. Other prior board affiliations include GuideStar, PopTech, Enterprise Community Loan Fund, Working Today and GEO.
Miller speaks and writes extensively about nonprofit capitalization and finance and has been published in The Financial Times, Stanford Social Innovation Review, The Nonprofit Quarterly and the Chronicle of Philanthropy.
CEO, Sustainable Insight Capital Management (SICM)
Kevin Parker is the Chief Executive Officer of Sustainable Insight Capital Management (SICM), a New York-based, global asset management firm that launched in 2013. Prior to SICM, Mr. Parker served as a member of the Group Executive Committee of Deutsche Bank from 2001-2012 and Global Head of Asset Management from 2004-2012.
Mr. Parker is a globally recognized leader in the field of sustainable investing and is a passionate advocate for action in the fight against climate change, having identified climate change as a megatrend in 2004. A serial entrepreneur, he is also the owner of Chateau Maris, Cru La Livieniere, an award-winning, certified organic and biodynamic winery in France, and the founder of the Kingsbridge National Ice Center, a redevelopment of the iconic Kingsbridge Armory, creating the largest ice sports center in the world.
In addition, Mr. Parker serves as President of Answer The Call, the New York Police & Fire Widows’ and Children’s Benefit Fund and he also serves on the charity’s investment committee. He is a member of the Investment Committee of the Metropolitan Opera overseeing an endowment of over $400 million. Mr. Parker holds a Bachelor of Science in Finance from New York University.
Global Head, Sustainable Business and Finance Group, Bloomberg LP
As Global Head of Sustainable Business & Finance, Curtis Ravenel leads Bloomberg’s sustainability initiatives – a Chairman’s Office effort and the result of his 2006 Bloomberg Global Leadership Forum proposal. The program aggressively integrates sustainability considerations into all firm operations and leverages the Bloomberg Professional Service to evaluate sustainability-related investment risks and opportunities for its 325,000 customers.
Curtis has worked for Bloomberg in multiple roles. He was the Financial Controller for Asia managing accounting, tax, treasury and audit services for 23 legal entities with combined annual revenues exceeding $1 billion USD. This was preceded by various roles in the Capital Planning and Financial Analysis Groups.
Prior to his work with Bloomberg, L.P., Curtis co-managed a small real estate development group, founded a micro-brewery and worked with the Recycling Advisory Council in Washington, DC conducting Full Cost Accounting and Life Cycle Analysis work.
He currently serves as a board member at the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) and as a member of the Secretariat for the FSB Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosure. Curtis was awarded a David Rockefeller Fellowship with the Partnership for New York City in 2011 and Columbia Business School Exemplary Leadership Award in 2016. He earned an MBA from Columbia Business School and a BA in History from Davidson College.
Director, Institute for Business and Social Impact – Berkeley Haas School of Business
Laura D. Tyson is a Distinguished Professor of the Graduate School and Director of the Institute for Business & Social Impact at the Berkeley Haas School of Business. She chairs the Blum Center for Developing Economies Board of Trustees. From 2002-2006, she served as Dean of London Business School and from 1998-2001 she served as Dean of the Berkeley-Haas. Tyson was a member of the US Department of State Foreign Affairs Policy Board and a member of President Obama’s Council on Jobs and Competitiveness and the President’s Economic Recovery Advisory Board. She served in the Clinton Administration as the Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers (1993-1995) and as Director of the National Economic Council (1995 – 1996). She is a member of the Board of Directors of AT&T, CBRE Group Inc. and Silver Spring Networks. Tyson is board member of the non-profit Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB). She is the co-author of Leave No One Behind, a report for the United Nation’s High-Level Panel on Women’s Economic Empowerment.
ELISSE WALTER, JD
Former Chairman, SEC
Elisse B. Walter was appointed Commissioner of the SEC by President George W. Bush in 2008. She was later designated the 30th Chairman of the SEC by President Barack Obama, and she served as the agency’s leader from December 2012 to April 2013. Prior to her appointment as an SEC Commissioner, Ms. Walter served as Senior Executive Vice President, Regulatory Policy & Programs, for FINRA. Ms. Walter is a member of the Academy of Women Achievers of the YWCA of the City of New York and the inaugural class of the ABA’s DirectWomen Institute. She also has received, among other honors, the Presidential Rank Award (Distinguished), the ASECA William O. Douglas Award, the SEC Chairman’s Award for Excellence, the SEC’s Distinguished Service Award, and the Federal Bar Association’s Philip Loomis and Manuel F. Cohen Younger Lawyer Awards.
President, The SASB Foundation, Ex-officio member of the Board
Matthew has dedicated his career to leading mission-based organizations through the challenges of achieving growth, scale, and self-sufficiency. His work experience spans government, nonprofit, and for-profit sectors, and he has led teams in entering new markets, launching products and programs, and increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of operations.
As President, Matthew works with the Board of Directors to develop the organization’s strategic objectives and then lead the staff in implementing them. He oversees the financing of the organization through fundraising and commercial activities, and is responsible for the operations that support these areas and the work of the SASB standards-setting board and its technical staff.
Matthew has broad experience in strategy, operations, and product development, developed through senior roles at Kaplan Test Prep, Kaplan K12 Learning Services, Junyo, Teachscape, and The Rotary Foundation. Years of experience with education programs, software and data products, and research studies give Matthew a good background for equipping the market with offerings that support education and use of the SASB standards.
Matthew holds a BA from Grinnell College and a MPA in management and public policy from Columbia University. He is member of the Grinnell College Board of Trustees, where he has served on the Finance and Development Committees. He currently chairs the Academic Affairs Committee.
JAY WILLOUGHBY, CFA
Chief Investment Officer, The Investment Fund For Foundations
Jay Willoughby joined TIFF in 2015 and serves as Chief Investment Officer, presiding over the full range of TIFF’s investment activities and programs. Prior to joining TIFF, Mr. Willoughby spent four years as CIO of the State of Alaska’s roughly $50 billion sovereign wealth fund, the Alaska Permanent Fund. Previously, he was Co-Managing Partner at Ironbound Capital Management and spent nine years with Merrill Lynch Investment Managers LP as CIO, Private Investors Group; Head of Research for Equity Funds; and Senior Portfolio Manager, Merrill Lynch Real Estate Fund. He received a BA in biology from Pomona College and an MBA from Columbia University. Mr. Willoughby is a CFA charterholder.
Philanthropist, Co-Founder of Bloomberg LP
Charles Zegar is one of the original four founding partners of Bloomberg Financial Markets. He was the technical computer expert for this partnership. He designed, programmed and managed development of the Bloomberg terminal system. Prior to Bloomberg, Charles was a Vice President at Salomon Brothers (planning and choosing data processing equipment).
Charles has a BS in chemistry from Long Island University (1971). He also has two master degrees from New York University in Computer Science (1977) and Biology (2005). Presently, Charles is involved in functional genomics research at New York University and serves as Trustee and Chief Financial Officer of his family foundation, the Zegar Family Foundation. The Zegar Family Foundation donates to numerous, diverse causes, including: science and medicine, environment, justice and human rights, human services and economic opportunity, nutrition and health, education, and arts, culture and heritage. Charles also serves as a trustee of NYU and of Long Island University.
Charles, who prefers to be called “Chuck”, splits his time along with his wife Merryl living in both New York City and Santa Barbara.
MICHAEL R. BLOOMBERG
Philanthropist, Founder of Bloomberg LP, and the 108th Mayor of New York City
Michael R. Bloomberg served as Chair of the SASB Foundation Board from 2014-2018 and remains supportive and engaged with our future efforts.
Key Board Roles
Role of the Chair of the Board
The Board Chair is responsible for leading the Board and ensuring that the Board fulfills its governance responsibilities.
Role of the Vice Chair of the Board
The role of the Vice Chair is to work closely with the Chair and President to plan annual Board priorities and appropriate Board engagement, and to work with the President to guide the strategic plan for the organization.
Role of the Secretary
The role of the Secretary is to keep a full and complete record of the proceedings of the Board and its committees, to supervise the giving of any appropriate notices, and to keep the minute books of the corporation.
Role of the Treasurer
The role of the Treasurer is to keep and maintain adequate and correct books and accounts of the corporation’s properties and transactions, supervise the charge and custody of all funds of the corporation, and supervise the deposit of such funds in the manner prescribed by the Board.
Role of the President
The role of the President is to generally supervise, direct, and control the corporation’s administrative activities and affairs, including responsibility for fundraising and commercial activities. The President is an ex-officio member of The SASB Foundation Board of Directors.
The purpose of this committee is to carry out the responsibilities delegated by the Board relating to the Organization’s annual audit. (Chair: Jack Ehnes)
The purpose of this Committee is to develop the Organization’s fundraising strategy; identify, engage, and build relationships with potential donors; and to engage the Foundation Board in fundraising activities. (Chair: Bob Steel)
The purpose of this Committee is to act on behalf of the board, as needed, during interim times between board meetings. (Chair: Mary Schapiro)
Finance and Compensation Committee
The purpose of this Committee is to regularly review the Organization’s finances and assist management in developing appropriate financial strategies. The Committee has also been delegated to determine the compensation of officers and key employees. (Chair: Steve Gunders)
Market Strategy Committee
The purpose of this Committee is to oversee a strategic planning process that is completed by the Organization every 3 to 5 years, to provide advice and feedback to staff and Board on strategic issues that arise outside of the strategic planning process, and to provide market perspectives to the staff and Board. (Chair: Cathy Odelbo)
Governance & Nominating Committee
The purpose of this Committee is to oversee the nomination process for the SASB Foundation Board of Directors and the SASB Standards Board; as well as to formulate, implement, and modify, as necessary, the Organization’s corporate governance policies, practices, and governing documents. (Chair: Alan Beller)
The Standards Oversight Committee
The purpose of this Committee is to safeguard the independence and integrity of the standards-setting process through the direct monitoring and evaluation of the SASB’s due process and via the resolution of due process-related inquiries. (Chair: Elisse Walter)